If you have found tartar in your four-legged friend, you should take him to the vet. Because it is better to leave the covering to a professional. The doctor can best estimate how pronounced the plaque is and then select the treatment method. The removal of the deposits can be done either manually with special pliers or with an ultrasound device.
Removing the topping: by hand
The causes of tartar in dogs are mostly bacteria, too much sugar and starchy diet or problems with salivation. You should not remove the deposit without the professional help of a medical professional, because a light anesthetic is usually necessary to avoid putting the four-legged friend under too much stress.
The veterinarian can then use a special tartar forceps to blow off the coarse plaque and tackle finer deposits with a tooth cleaner. In particular, it can loosen the tartar in the gaps and on the enamel.
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Removing tartar from dogs: ultrasound
Another way to remove the tartar is ultrasound. The vet uses a small chisel to transfer ultrasound waves to the tooth. Tartar in dogs splinters easily and can then be washed away with water. If the doctor has solved everything, he smoothes the surface with a polishing agent. Dental cleaning has roughened the surface - that would be the perfect breeding ground for new tartar. The polish prevents the formation of new plaque or worse deposits.
This is how you can prevent tartar in the dog
If your dog tends to develop plaque and tartar, you should prevent it by brushing regularly. Get a toothbrush that can be put on your finger and a toothpaste suitable for dogs. These are available, for example, with a chicken flavor.
Make sure that the feed contains no sugar. Many finished foods contain sugar, be careful here and be sure to choose a sugar-free variant. Sugar can also be hidden under names such as glucose, dextrose, syrup, barley malt extract or grape sweetness. Chewing bones and other dental care products are important elements of prevention. Let your four-legged friend chew and nibble a lot every day. This creates sufficient saliva that prevents dental plaque from sticking too much to the dog's teeth.